Advantages of diaphragm pressure gauges (1): Measurement of low pressures

Diaphragm pressure gauges are considered as specialists along the way industries. They come into play when Bourdon tube pressure gauges reach the limits of these performance. One of the benefits of diaphragm pressure gauges is the measurement of low pressures.
Diaphragm pressure gauges can be recognised from the initial look: From the flanges below the case, between that your elastic pressure element ? the diaphragm element ? is clamped. These instruments can measure pressures from as low as 16 mbar, with the maximum value at around 25 bar (for comparison: Bourdon tube gauges reach their lowest physically possible measured value at 600 mbar). Bonus , the low the measurable pressure is, relative to the formula ? pressure = force / area. WIKA uses two diaphragm sizes: with a diameter of 134.5 mm for the measuring ranges of 0 ?16 mbar around 0 ? 250 mbar and a diameter of 76.5 mm for the measuring ranges of 0 ? 400 mbar around 0?25 bar.
Special variation of diaphragm pressure gauges
With pressures under 16 mbar, diaphragm pressure gauges hit their limits. Because of this case, their diaphragms would need to be exceptionally thin to experience the required elasticity. Then, however, they might no more remain reliably stable. This issue could be solved, though, with a special variation of the diaphragm pressure gauge: the capsule pressure gauge.
Capsule elements contain two diaphragms welded together, which can be packed with pressure from the within. This results in a double diaphragm travel. In this way, even the cheapest of pressures could be measured without reducing the wall thickness. However, because the pressure chamber isn’t self-draining, capsule elements are not ideal for applications with liquid media.
Note
You can find further information on diaphragm pressure gauges on the WIKA website beneath the headings Pressure gauges and Pressure gauges with output signal.
See also our article
Advantages of diaphragm pressure gauges (2): High overload protection

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