Selection criteria for mechanical Thermometers (1): Response time

Selecting suitable mechanical thermometers for a process is not an instant task. Bimetal thermometers or gas-actuated thermometers ? your choice on the sort of thermometer alone depends on several factors. One of the important selection criteria may be the response time of the measuring Instrument.
When it comes to speed, there is no way around gas-actuated thermometers. As a rule of thumb, these thermometers take about 30 seconds for a temperature adjustment from 10�C to 90�C. A bimetal thermometer would display the same final value after 90 seconds. Because of their short response times, gas-actuated thermometers are particularly suitable for integration into switching requirements.
The difference in speed is explained by the different functional principles of both thermometer types ? unlike the bimetal thermometer (which uses the principle of different expansion coefficients), the measuring system of a gas-actuated thermometer is filled up with helium under great pressure. Any change in temperature causes an immediate change in internal pressure in the stem. Rookie deforms the measuring tube and the deflection is used in the pointer with a movement.
Thermowells affect the response time
As with other measuring instruments, in critical processes, mechanical thermometers must also be coupled with a thermowell. It must be considered that such a sleeve may also have an influence, to some extent significant, on the response time of the thermometer. From what extent, depends upon the material and wall thickness of the thermowell.
Note
Further information on mechanical thermometers can be found on the WIKA website beneath the headings Dial thermometers and Thermometers with switch contacts.
See also our articles
Selection criteria for mechanical thermometers (2): process temperature
Selection criteria for dial thermometers (3): Capillary

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